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Virginia is home to three species of trout: the rainbow, brown, and brook. The mountain streams, brooks and cool swift rivers of Virginia are the sources of cool clean waters that allow year-round populations of each species. However, the vast majority of Virginia trout are stocked by the state as water temperatures become prohibitively high in the summer-time are fatal to trout as oxygen and food become scarce.

Brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) are Virginia’s state fish and only native trout species. This jewel of a fish may never reach a foot long in the cold small stream where they are most common.