Endangered and Threatened Species
The Museum exhibits 10 animals that are on either federal or state endangered or threatened lists or are protected:
- Bald Eagle
- Blackbanded Sunfish
- Eastern Chicken Turtle
- Eastern Glass Lizard
- Eastern Tiger Salamander
- Loggerhead Sea Turtle
- Red Wolf
- Roanoke Logperch
- Shortnose Sturgeon
- Wood Turtle
Red Wolf Species Survival Program
The Virginia Living Museum participates in the federal program to reintroduce red wolves into the wild. In colonial times, red wolves ranged throughout the southeast. Today they are the most endangered mammal in North America. The Museum is the closest facility to Alligator River, the only place in the country where red wolves currently live in the wild.
The VLM is the only facility in the world to display the federally threatened and endangered Roanoke logperch (Percina rex). Our resident population is on loan from the USFWS and VDGIF as the educational/public display requirement portion of the Federal Recovery Plan. Our captive population breeds in spring of each year, but as per our permit, we do not propagate the young. However, these spawning events have been documented on video and disseminated on several websites. Two articles were published in American Currents: “King of Perches- Observations of Captive Roanoke Logperch” and “Logistics for Public Display of Roanoke Logperch,” contributing to the existing knowledge of this species.
Lined Seahorse SSP
The Virginia Living Museum actively participates in AZA’s Species Survival Plan (SSP) program that coordinates with other AZA – accredited facilities across the country to manage and conserve wild populations of the lined seahorse (Hippocampus erectus). Through captive breeding and exchange with other institutions, we can ensure a genetically diverse captive population of seahorses without collecting animals from the wild. The VLM currently houses several successful breeding pairs of lined seahorses that regularly produce healthy offspring. These particular seahorses were born and bred here at the VLM in early winter of 2013 and have provided us with enough captive bred seahorses not only to display for many years to come, but also with a surplus of animals to send to other SSP facilities around the country.
Sea Turtle Tag and Release Program
The Loggerhead Sea Turtle is one of the largest reptiles found on earth today. Listed as a threatened species, it faces the same threats as other sea turtles: heavy exploitation for its meat, eggs, shells and oil and from being entangled in shrimp nets, gill nets and on the hooks of long lines.
The Virginia Living Museum has exhibited Loggerhead Sea Turtles for many years. For several years we have worked with the Head-Start Program at the North Carolina Aquarium at Pine Knoll Shores. Juvenile sea turtles are acquired from nests in southern North Carolina and then raised for several years in captivity before being tagged and released into the Atlantic Ocean.
The Virginia Living Museum has released two turtles back into the wild as part of the Head-Start Program.
The first sea turtle was 5lbs when we received it from North Carolina in October 2008 and 70lbs when it was released in October 2010. A tag was affixed on the top of the sea turtle’s shell. The sea turtle, given the name “Virginia,” was tracked until its tag fell off.
The second turtle was five years old and weighed 187 lbs. when it was released into the Gulf Stream in October 2013 by VLM Aquarium Curator Chris Crippen. Given the name “Abby,” the turtle can be tracked on the public website seaturtle.org. The release was covered by local news WCTI-TV. Amazing underwater video was captured by VLM aquarists.
You can follow the journeys of sea turtles around the world on this website seaturtle.org.
Read about our Sea Turtle Tag & Release Program.
In summer 2010 the Virginia Living Museum began a multi-year project to conduct a census of the basking turtles in Deer Park Lake at the Museum, using staff and middle school students. The goal of the study is to determine the ratio of non-native red-eared slider turtles to the native turtles that make the lake their home. In addition to learning about turtle identification, biology, behavior and threats to these animals, students have assisted staff in taking data on our local turtles. The turtles are collected in live traps and later released back into the lake. Students participated in the project in 2010, 2011 and 2012. Since 2013 the survey has been conducted by VLM staff and volunteers. Species collected: northern red-bellied cooter, eastern painted turtle, yellow-bellied slider, stinkpot, red-bellied slider and snapping turtle. Read more…
When you visit the VLM from mid September to early October, stop by our monarch butterfly rearing chamber to see the caterpillars, chrysalides and adults on display. In the late afternoons you might be able to participate in our release of tagged monarchs.
You can follow the monarch migration on two web sites: